Madariaga Report - 18 December 2010
Permanent Structured Cooperation in Defence (PESCO), brought in by the Lisbon Treaty, and put under the spotlight by the Belgian Presidency, allows a core group of states that fulfil certain criteria (e.g. budgetary commitment and deployability) to enter into closer cooperation to enhance European defence capabilities. Will EU Member States see the merits of embarking on collective defence endeavours, when the two biggest players seem to find it more convenient to broker bilateral deals? Would the setting-up of a pioneer group of States enhance the EU's capacity and efficiency in defence, or would it lead to further divisions and debates over defence leadership? What are the alternatives at the EU's disposal to consolidate its defence capacity in order to punch its weight in global matters?
A Citizen's Controversy with Pieter De Crem, Belgian Minister of Defence, and Lieutenant General David Leakey, former Director General of the EU Military Staff, Council of the European Union.