Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation

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The EU Confronted with the Rise of Structural Unemployment: How to Avoid Losing a Decade?
Madariaga Report - 6 December 2010

Against a backdrop of millions of jobs lost in the wake of the crisis, politics seems unable to provide a vision, going for the repetition of old answers which are unable to take into consideration the current constraints: high debt, slow growth, ageing population. When the prospects for boosting growth through private or public debt are gone, asking for more adjustment on the supply side in an era of austerity might pose a huge threat to the consensus for the EU integration process. As such, will Europe have to accept a higher structural rate of unemployment along with the prospects of jobless growth? How can we avoid losing a generation?

As the constraints of macroeconomics seem to leave little room for manoeuvre, a huge work of imagination will be required to think about what kind of job panorama the EU is heading for and how this will impact on the expectations of younger generations, the evolution of industrial relations, and the competitiveness of Europe faced with globalisation. As such, three questions emerge: is reindustrialisation possible and desirable? Will EU2020 have a real impact on the creation of jobs? What happened with flexicurity and will European jobs be more flexible or not as a result of the crisis?




With the support of the European Union

Climate Change and Security in Africa: Vulnerability Report
Vulnerability Report - 1 December 2010

This Vulnerability Report looks at the security implications of climate change in Africa in five key areas related to Water Security, Food Security, Energy Security, Migration and Natural Hazards. The authors of the report have attempted to highlight the overall potential security risks in Africa, the "hot spot" countries and regions linked to each security area, the needs of effected communities and a summary of ongoing initiatives developed to promote adaptation and mitigation efforts. The Vulnerability Report is a combination of initial desk research conducted mainly in Brussels and Geneva by the authors, and the comments received from over 120 local, regional and international representatives at the Dialogue Forum organised in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on the 11 October 2010. The Dialogue Forum was organised as a pre-event to the 7th African Development Forum (11-15 October 2010), hosted by UNECA and the African Development Bank, and the meeting of the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA), arranged by the European Commission on 12 October. The Vulnerability Report is to serve as the starting point for further assessments and the elaboration of "fundable" projects related to the security implications of climate change in Africa.

The Vulnerability Report is the product of collaboration between the Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation, the Folke Bernadotte Academy, the European Union, the German Federal Government, the European Investment Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the International Organization for Migration, the Global Water Institute, the Institute for Environmental Security and Kulima Integrated Development Solutions.

The Vulnerability Report has derived benefit from the kind financial assistance of the German Federal Government and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). The Report does not necessarily reflect the views of the German Federal Government or Sida, and sole responsibility for content rests with the individual authors.


EU-China Trade through a Bumpy Transition

Pierre Defraigne - Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation

26 November 2010, Hangzhou, China

In this speech Pierre Defraigne, Executive Director of Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation, discusses the issues of multilateralism, industrial and trade relations between the EU and China and warns against the financiarisation of China's economy. Through an examination of the global economic transitions that have occurred over the last few decades, Defraigne also speaks on the rebalancing of EU - China trade relations and the restructuring of China's export portfolio. 

  Read the Speech

Fair Multilateralism: An Answer to the Crisis of Western Capitalism and the Rise of China

Pierre Defraigne - Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation

26 November 2010, Hangzhou, China

In this speech Pierre Defraigne discusses the multilateralisation of the international economic system, the rise of China and the crisis of Western capitalism. Looking at the history of market capitalism and the economic role and position of the European Union, the United States and China, Defraigne argues that multilateralism - through a fairer international economic order - is the best way of dealing with international and regional instabilities and safeguarding prosperity.

The speech was originally delivered at the Centre for European Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China on the 26th November 2010. 

  Read the Speech

China's Navy: Resources and Strategy

Daniel Fiott - former Research Fellow, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation

29 November 2010, Brussels

Daniel Fiott, former Research Fellow at the Madariaga-College of Europe Foundation, recently delivered a presentation entitled "China's Navy: Resources and Strategy" to an event organised by the European Institute for Asian Studies on The Indian Ocean: Strategic Arena for the 21st Century. Fiott spoke alongside Dr. Alessio Patalano, War Studies Department - King's College London, Antoine Levesque, Research Fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, and Alexandros Papaioannou, Policy Advisor to the Secretary-General - NATO. Fiott's presentation focused on Chinese naval strategy in the face of a greater need for energy resources, and the realities of the strength of the Chinese Navy in comparison to the naval forces of the United States, United Kingdom and India. The presentation built on Fiott's initial findings in the Madariaga Paper "China's PLAN: Securing Supplies and Sailing into Blue-Waters?", Vol. 2, No. 6 (December, 2009).

  View the Presentation

  Read the Madariaga Paper


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