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Departing from TTIP and Going Plurilateral

Pierre Defraigne - Executive Director

Madariaga Paper, Vol. 7, No. 9 (October 2014)

What makes TTIP interesting is that it forces Europeans to enquire into their identity, national, European or Atlantic, and to question the European project, economic space or social model, dependant partner or in charge of its own strategic capacity. The timing is right as changes are gathering speed around Europe. China is becoming the leading economy of the world; in the wake of a new world economic slowdown, the Eurozone is entering its third recession and the effects of climate change are being felt in Europe.

The real question surrounding TTIP is whether it reinforces Europe’s ability to preserve the unique values of civilisation that the European societal model incorporates and affirms vis-à-vis the rest of the world, or whether it puts Europe on a dangerous path for her identity and security.

It is not enough to make a critical evaluation of TTIP and to conclude that is will lead to a stalemate, which is what has been done in the attached essay. What is needed is an alternative that is not the current status quo i.e. Europe’s paralysis and impotence in the face of unemployment and rising poverty within Europe and growing instability and insecurity outside Europe. It is also necessary to redirect trade liberalisation towards objectives of common interest for the world.

This short essay recommends putting an end to TTIP as soon as possible but also recommends choosing another path for development for Europe. It would be a shame to waste all the energy that TTIP rallies in opposition of this project, without taking advantage of it to further the causes of justice and responsibility in the face of a systemic crisis of market capitalism that the European institutions are unable to master.

The European people have to be brought together for a commonality of destiny: not a community of security but a community of project. Europe needs to rediscover the taste for testing new social, political and henceforth environmental ways of life, so as to open up the path to transition towards a carbon-free global economy and towards a fair and secure international order for other countries. These issues are also outlined in this essay in counterpoint to TTIP criticism. Europe has to return to its tradition of pioneering society. This essay only recommends putting an end to TTIP and taking the plurilateral route in order to rebuild something better. 

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The South Stream in the Wake of the Ukrainian Crisis: a Test Case for the Third Energy Package

Marco Giuli - Research Fellow

Madariaga Paper, Vol. 7, No. 8 (September 2014)

As the Ukrainian crisis has added elements of political sensitivity to the EU's gas relation with Russia and furthered calls to reduce energy dependence, this paper aims at understanding whether the Third Energy Package raised the EU's profile as an energy actor to the point of effectively challenging the primacy of Member States' bilateral relations with Gazprom. Despite a certain degree of success in temporarily halting the South Stream, it is not sure that such a move could have a relevant impact on the costs of dependence, especially those associated with market concentration and transit risk. To reduce these costs, an approach based solely on spilling over competition rules might not be enough.

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Call for Papers

The EU and the Emerging Powers 2015: Cooperation and Competition in Knowledge and Technology

Deadline for Submission of Paper Proposals: 10 November 2014

Registration & Abstract Submission at:

The papers will be presented at an international Conference that will take place in Brussels in the last week of April 2015 

More info


Choosing between a Conflict and a Frozen Conflict

Marco Giuli/4 September 2014
Dying of Tactics? The UK Down a Dangerous Path
Marco Giuli/19 June 2014

Post-Electoral Remarks 

Marco Giuli/3 June 2014




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