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L'Ukraine est-elle condamnée à l'éclatement?
10 mars 2015, Bruxelles, 13:00 - 14:30     

Après une période de stabilité durant la longue présidence de Leonid Kouchma, dont les traits essentiels étaient la distribution clanique du pouvoir et la politique étrangère multi-vectorielle, la faiblesse d’une identité commune ukrainienne – exacerbée et exploitée par la Russie afin de garder l’Ukraine hors des structures euro-atlantiques – a commencé à se manifester à chaque campagne électorale et dans tous les moments de crise politique. Peut-on parler de faillite du projet d’édification de la nation ukrainienne ? Si oui, quelles sont les responsabilités des élites politiques, économiques et intellectuelles, dans cet échec ? Faut-il chercher la cause de cette fragilité dans l’histoire du pays, ou plutôt dans une mauvaise gestion politique postindépendance ? Convient-il plutôt de se pencher sur l’ingérence extérieure, et comment ces facteurs ont-ils interagi pour conduire le pays au seuil de l’éclatement ? Existe-t-il des solutions viables permettant de préserver l’intégrité territoriale de l’Ukraine ?

Une Controverse citoyenne avec Jean-Marie Chauvier, journaliste et essayiste politique, et Ioulia Shukan, Maitre de conférences en études slaves, Université Paris-Nanterre.  

Le débat a eté modéré par Pierre Defraigne, Directeur Exécutif, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation.

Le débat s'est tenu en français.

Un rapport est en cours de préparation

Why not Wish Syriza Good Luck?
4 March 2015, Brussels, 13:00 - 14:30     

After years of austerity and post-crisis institutional reforms, the Eurozone still does not seem resilient to the electoral cycles of its members. Snap elections in Greece and the victory of leftist Syriza – calling for a renegotiation of the country’s debt obligations – is igniting unease among the Eurozone elites, as a Greek default might pose a burden on taxpayers. But shouldn't a Syriza victory be rather saluted as moment of clarity with regard to the dysfunctions of the Eurozone governance structure? How can Greece go back to sustained growth under the burden of a debt that cannot be paid, mutualised, monetised or restructured? Has the moment finally arrived to solve the contradictions between the euro and democracy? What kind of relief is better suited to coping with the economic, political and legal constraints attached to it?

Citizen’s Controversy with Philippe Legrain, journalist and commentator, author of "The European Spring" (CB Books, 2014), and Janis Emmanouilidis, Director of Studies at the European Policy Centre (EPC).  

The debate was moderated by Pierre Defraigne, Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation.

The debate was held in English.

A report is under preparation

Towards What Capital Markets Union?
25 February 2015, Brussels, 13:00 - 14:30     

A capital markets union is among the top priorities of the Juncker Commission. According to its proponents, a range of rules should be harmonised in order to help a shift towards securitisation, making European businesses and households less dependent on bank credit and more able to finance themselves on financial markets. What approach should be developed, and with what sequencing? Is the harmonisation of rules enough, or should a more integrated regulatory and supervisory framework be developed as well? Is securitisation a priority, or rather should the EU concentrate its efforts on the completion of the banking union, considering the persistent dominance of the banking system over the access to finance in the EU?

Citizen’s Controversy with Martin Merlin, Director for Financial Markets at the EU Commission, and Nicolas Veron, Senior Fellow at Bruegel.  

The debate was moderated by Pierre Defraigne, Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation.


TTIP: Who Supervises Regulatory Convergence?
16 February 2015, Brussels, 13:00 - 14:30     

If the TTIP is successfully concluded, the EU and the US will be required to unconditionally recognise a large number of each other’s standards, procedures and conformity assessment tests on products. Due to the considerably diverging societal preferences of the partners, the search for this regulatory congruence will prove to be one of the most controversial and politically sensitive aspects of negotiations. According to Article 43 of the mandate, a Regulatory Cooperation Council will be created to supervise the regulatory adaptation process, raising fundamental transparency and accountability issues. Will this institution merely be executive, or will it de facto extend its mandate to a legislative nature? What mandate should this entity be given, and whom should it be composed of, in order to respect the democratic prerogatives of the partners’ constitutional letter?

Citizen’s Controversy with Jean De Munck, Professor of Sociology of Law at the Université Catholique de Louvain, and Joana Mendes, Associate Professor of EU Law at the University of Amsterdam.  

The debate was moderated by Pierre Defraigne, Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation.

The debate was held in English.

A report is under preparation

Reviving the Silk Road: what is behind it?
24 April 2015, 12:30 - 2:00, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation, Brussels

The Silk Road evokes a golden age, when China was at the peak of its ancient glory and entertained rich trade exchanges with European countries through land and maritime routes. Today, the idea of a “Silk Road Economic Belt” stretching from China to Central Asia and Europe re-emerges as a strategic concept. This idea was first launched by Chinese President Xi Jinping, during the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Summit in Bishkek, Kazakhstan in September 2013, and it was later endorsed by the Third Plenum of the 18th Committee. Since then a series of trade, energy, infrastructure and security agreements have been signed with countries along the New Silk Road.

Although at an early stage, this proposal raises as many economic as geopolitical questions: What is the economic and investment potential of this project? Will it put Central Asia on a sustainable growth path, or will it increase its reliance on the export of raw materials, leading to overdependence on China’s demand and investments? Can the development of transportation infrastructures create a cost-efficient alternative to the maritime route to reach European markets? Does it have the potential to intensify EU-China trade relations?

Does a growing Chinese presence in Central Asia risk causing friction with the Russian doctrine of reasserting influence in its “near abroad”? How is this initiative related to the Chinese military strategy? Could regional cooperation help contain the proliferation of Islamic radicalism in Central Asia and Xinjiang, and contribute to the stabilisation of these regions, even in light of US disengagement from Afghanistan? How would these reinforced links between China, Central Asia and Caucasus countries change EU-China relations?

A lunchtime debate with Dr Wang Yiwei (Professor, Renmin University) and Dr Alice Ekman (Research Fellow, IFRI  and Associate Analyst, EUISS)  - Speakers' bios

The debate was held in English and it was moderated by Pierre Defraigne, Executive Director, Madariaga - College of Europe Foundation.   


A report is under preparation


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